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Thomas Ryan, CSP Answers:
Question: Do all Jews believe that the bible is literally true or is that the belief of Orthodox Jews only?
Most Orthodox, and some Conservative Jews believe the bible was dictated from the mouth of God, written down verbatim by the hand of Moshe (Moses) on Mount Sinai.
Other Conservative Jews and Reform and Reconstructionist Jews tend to understand the bible as either:
1. Not literally dictated to Moshe, but inspired by God.
2. A human account of encounters with God, and therefore an account of holy happenings which makes the account itself holy.
3. A product of human striving to understand God in history (and therefore holy, as it represents a holy endeavor of the Jewish people).